follow url Just say the word. Just drag its icon off the Dock and then right back onto it—yes, while the program is running. You have to try it to believe it. You can achieve the same result by dragging the icon away from the Dock.
Use this command on programs you rarely use. When you do want to run those programs, you can always use Spotlight to fire them up. If the program is already running, using Remove From Dock does not immediately remove its icon from the Dock, which could be confusing. This command lets you specify that you want this icon to open itself automatically each time you log in to your account. To make this item stop auto-opening, choose this command again so that the checkmark no longer appears.
This operating system is crawling with ways to hide or reveal a selected batch of windows. This, in its way, is a much more powerful command. They hide themselves instantly. You can quit any program directly from its Dock shortcut menu. Finder and Dashboard are exceptions. Troubleshooting moment: You might find other commands in Dock shortcut menus; software companies are free to add specialty options to their own programs.
The Safari icon sprouts a New Window command. The System Preferences icon sprouts a complete list of the preference panes Sound, Keyboard, Trackpad, and so on. You get the idea. If all you want to do is quit a program or something, this abbreviated menu is faster and easier to comprehend.
When you click an application icon in the Dock, its icon jumps up and down a few times as the program launches, as though with excitement at having been selected. The longer a program takes to start up, the more bounces you see. This has given birth to a hilarious phenomenon: If you find the icon bouncing a bit over the top, try this: Dock icons are spring-loaded. Drag a document icon onto a Dock folder icon. Drag a document into an application. The classic example is dragging a photo onto the iPhoto icon. When you tap the space bar, iPhoto opens automatically.
The folders you care about are always there, ready for opening with a single click. In fact, you can even drag a file into a subfolder in a Dock folder. Spring-Loaded Folders: Dragging Icons into Closed Folders has the details on spring-loaded folders. Your Home folder. Many people immediately drag their hard drive icons—or, perhaps more practically, their Home folders see Your Home Folder —onto the right side of the Dock.
Now they have quick access to every file in every folder they ever use. The Applications folder.
Your Applications folder. As an even more efficient corollary, create a new folder of your own.
Fill it with the aliases of just the programs you use most often and park it in the Dock. The Shared folder. Ordinarily, dragging an icon off the Dock takes it off the Dock. The first time you run Mac OS X Back, Forward. The Finder works something like a Web browser. Only a single window remains open as you navigate the various folders on your hard drive.
On your Mac, the menu bar runs along the top of the screen. Use the items in the menu bar to check status, choose commands, or perform tasks. The toolbar at the top of the Pages window gives you quick access to the controls you need as you work in Pages. As you discover which.
The Back button returns you to whichever folder you were just looking at. Three examples are shown here. View controls.
The four tiny buttons next to the button switch the current window into icon, list, column, or Cover Flow view, respectively. Quick Look. The eyeball icon opens the Quick Look preview for a highlighted icon or group of them ; see Quick Look. You can read all about this context-sensitive pop-up menu on Selecting Icons from the Keyboard.
Search box. The Toolbar Disclosure Button. If its consumption of screen space is your main concern, you may prefer to collapse it—to delete the pictures but preserve the text buttons. It lets you choose picture buttons, Icon Only, or, for the greatest space conservation, Text Only. You can see the results without even closing the dialog box. In Text Only mode, the four View buttons are replaced by a little pop-up menu called View. Furthermore, the Search box turns into a one-word button called Search. Clicking it brings up the Spotlight window The Spotlight Window.
Mac OS X not only offers a collection of beautifully designed icons for alternate or additional toolbar buttons, but it also makes it easy to add anything to the toolbar, turning the toolbar into a supplementary Dock or Sidebar. While this window is open, you can add icons to the toolbar by dragging them into place from the gallery before you. You can also remove icons from the tool-bar by dragging them up or down off the toolbar.
Rearrange the icons by dragging them horizontally.
Most of the options in the gallery duplicate the functions of menu commands. Most of the gallery elements are buttons, but this one creates a pop-up menu on the toolbar. When clicked, it reveals and lets you navigate the hierarchy—the path —of folders you open to reach whichever window is open.
This button ejects whichever disk or disk image is currently highlighted. For example, you might want to segregate your folder buttons, such as Documents and Applications, from your function buttons, such as Delete and Connect. Drag this dotted line between two existing icons on the toolbar. By dragging this mysterious-looking item into the toolbar, you add a gap between it and whatever icon is to its left. The gap is about as wide as one icon. Flexible Space. This icon, too, creates a gap between the toolbar buttons. But this one expands as you make the window wider. Now you know how Apple got the Search box to appear off to the right of the standard toolbar, a long way from its clustered comrades to the left.
New Folder. This option puts the highlighted file or folder icons into the Trash. Weirdly enough, if you highlight an icon in the Trash and then click this Delete button, you trigger the Put Back function—flinging the icon back into the folder it came from. That is, clicking Delete in this case actually undeletes. Get Info. This button opens the Get Info window Locked Files: The iDisk is your own personal multigigabyte virtual hard drive on the Internet. Drag the default set. If a window is too narrow to show all the icons on the toolbar, then the right end of the toolbar sprouts a symbol.
Millions of Mac fans will probably trudge forward through life using the toolbar to hold the suggested Apple function buttons, and the Sidebar to hold the icons of favorite folders, files, and programs. They may never realize that you can drag any icons at all onto the toolbar—files, folders, disks, programs, or whatever—to turn them into one-click buttons.
Just drag them from the desktop or any folder window directly onto the toolbar, at any time. Pause with your cursor on the toolbar for a moment before releasing the icon. Taking an icon off the toolbar is equally easy. It vanishes in a puff of cartoon smoke. You can also get rid of a toolbar icon by right-clicking it and choosing Remove Item from the shortcut menu.
In some ways, just buying a Macintosh was already a renegade act of self-expression. Cosmetically speaking, Mac OS X offers two dramatic full-screen features: The command center for both of these functions is the System Preferences program which longtime Mac and Windows fans may recognize as the former Control Panel.
Control-click right-click it. From the shortcut menu, choose Set Desktop Picture. These features have been greatly toned down since the original version of Mac OS X.
Yet another approach to getting the Dock out of your way is to rotate it so it sits vertically against a side of your screen. This button opens the Get Info window Locked Files: When you tap the space bar, iPhoto opens automatically. Three examples are shown here. For information about the symbols in the menu commands, see What are those symbols shown in menus?
The pulsing effects are subtler, the three-dimensional effects are less drastic, and the button colors are less intense. In Mac OS versions gone by, you could choose any font you liked for your icon labels. You even had a choice of fonts for use in your menus. Nowadays, that flexibility is gone. You get Lucida Grande in your menus and as icon labels—love it or leave it. You can change the type size in System Preferences, but not the font. The Highlight Color pop-up menu lets you choose a different accent color for your Mac world.
But in case they still bother artists, Apple created what it calls the Graphite look for Mac OS X, which turns all those interface elements gray instead of blue. Desktop sounds are the tiny sound effects that accompany certain mouse drags. The little thud you hear at the end of a file-copying job is actually useful, because it alerts you that the task is complete.
And if you decide to leave them turned on, please—use discretion when working in a library, church, or neurosurgical operating room. Apple calls them Menu Extras, but Mac fans on the Internet have named them menulets. Each is both an indicator and a menu that provides direct access to certain settings in System Preferences. These little guys are the direct descendants of the controls once found on the Mac OS 9 Control Strip or the Windows system tray. Press the Option key. The following descriptions indicate the official, authorized steps for installing a menulet.
There is, however, a folder on your hard drive that contains 25 of them in a single window, so you can install one with a quick double-click. AirPort lets you turn your WiFi wireless networking circuitry on or off, join existing wireless networks, and create your own private ones. Click AirPort. Using the Show submenu, you can control whether the menulet appears as an hours-and-minutes-remaining display 2: Is Apple looking out for you, or just trying to goose the sale of replacement batteries?
You decide. You can Option-click this menulet to see two additional lines of nerdy details about your Bluetooth setup: For the first time, the Mac can now show you the date and the day of the week on the menu bar. Displays adjusts screen resolution.
On Macs with a projector or second monitor attached, it lets you turn screen mirroring on or off—a tremendous convenience to anyone who gives PowerPoint or Keynote presentations. The fact that it even exists is something of a secret. The menulet appears. ExpressCard is useful only on laptops that have ExpressCard expansion slots. HomeSync is useful only if some friendly neighborhood network administrator has set up Mac OS X Server at your office. Thanks to a feature called portable Home folders , you can take your laptop on the road and do work—and then, on your return, have the changes synced automatically to your main machine at work over the network.
Ink turns the Write Anywhere feature on and off as you use your graphics tablet. Open the Ink panel of System Preferences. Neither that panel nor the menulet appears unless a graphics tablet is attached. IrDA is useful only to ancient PowerBooks that have infrared transmitters. The menulet lets you do things like opening the Security pane of System Preferences and locking or unlocking a particular Keychain. Click Internal Modem. Click the Modem tab button. Click Built-in Ethernet. Click the PPPoE tab button.
Remote Desktop is a program, sold separately, that lets teachers or system administrators tap into your Mac from across a network. The menulet lets you do things like turning remote control on and off or sending a message to the administrator. Script menu lists a variety of useful, ready-to-run Automator programs see Change your startup disk. The menulet lets you choose which of your multiple virtual screens you want to see. If you Option-click this menulet, you get a breakdown of data types—Calendar, Address Book, bookmarks, and so on—and a listing of when each was last synchronized with MobileMe.
TextInput switches among different text input modes. For example, if your language uses a different alphabet, like Russian, or thousands of characters, like Chinese, this menulet summons and dismisses the alternative keyboards and input methods you need. Details on Keyboard Shortcuts. To make this menulet appear in bold, at the far-right end of the menu bar , turn on fast user switching , which is described on Fast User Switching.
You can use the menulet to connect and disconnect, for example. Click the name of your VPN. And this menulet lets you start and stop that connection. Click the name of your cellular modem. These little guys are useful, good-looking, and respectful of your screen space. The world could use more inventions like menulets. Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform. With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.
Start Free Trial No credit card required. The Dock. Setting Up the Dock. Tip You can install batches of icons onto the Dock all at once—just drag them as a group. Tip If you press Shift as you click, the stack opens in slow motion. Amaze your friends. Organizing and Removing Dock Icons. Tip You can change how the icons in a particular stack are sorted: Fan vs. Auto-hiding the Dock. Shrinking and enlarging the Dock. Tip If you press Option as you drag, the Dock snaps to certain canned icon sizes—those that the programmer actually drew.
Modifying your computer's toolbars can help to simplify regular tasks and improve the overall aesthetics of the operating system. You can customize the look and layout of both the Dock and the menu bar on your Mac computer. Changes to both toolbars are made primarily through your Mac's System Preferences panel. To add a folder or application to the Dock, drag its icon from your applications folder, the desktop or the Finder and drop the icon onto the Dock at the location where you want it to appear.
You can also drag and drop existing items on the Dock to rearrange their order. To remove something, drag it up and away from the Dock until a puff of smoke appears. If you enable magnification, drag the associated slider to adjust the size of the magnification effect.
Like the Dock, its appearance can also be customized. Close the General preferences panel to save your changes.